Griha Pravesh is a ritual performed by families on the occasion of first step into a new house. Once the house is ready, the family moves in on an auspicious day that is determined by the astrological charts. The prerequisite of this puja is to clean the house thoroughly, both inside as well as outside the building. The cleaning process should be done a day before the puja and nothing should be kept inside the house except for lights and fans.
There are three types of griha pravesh which have been mentioned in our ancient scriptures:
Apoorva: First entry to newly built house on a newly selected land is called apoorva (new) griha pravesh.
Sapoorva: Entry into an already existing house after travelling abroad or migration elsewhere is called sapoorva griha pravesh.
Dwandwah: Entry into a house to after reconstruction or renovation subsequent to damage due to fire, flood or earthquake, is termed as dwandwah (old) griha pravesh.
The whole family is required to wear traditional clothes on the day of puja. The male head of the family breaks a coconut on the doorway and lights a camphor lamp on the pumpkin, as the pandit recites the mantras from the Vedic scriptures. After breaking the coconut the owner along with the procession of his family members carries an image of the deity and enters the kitchen, where another coconut is broken and the water is sprinkled in all room, excluding the bathrooms. Many people consider sprinkling ‘Gowmutra’ as it is considered sacred by the Hindus. After this process, the north east corner of the house is chosen for the ceremony where the pundit prepares for the Ganesh Puja.
Vastu pooja for vastu devata is performed outside the house before entering the house. A copper pot is filled with water, nava dhanya (nine kinds of grains) and one rupee coin. A coconut placed on the top of the pot is covered with the red cloth and tied with the red thread called moli. After this the priest chants mantras, while the husband and wife take this copper pot in the house together and place it near the ceremonial fire.
Vastu shanti involves the havan which is performed to prevent harmful influences of the planets, remove negative vibrations and create a peaceful environment. Once all the poojas are concluded, a feast is offered to the priest. He is also given some dakshina for his services and good wishes.
To know more about Griha pravesh puja and it’s auspicious dates and time, download the Hindu Calendar app from Play store and iOS app store on your devices.